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Subsea Engineer

The subsea engineer forms a part of the rig maintenance department and is responsible for overseeing the rig’s subsea systems equipment. He will report to the rig maintenance supervisor and has an assistant subsea engineer to help him in his tasks. It is a critical role and requires a strong knowledge of the motion compensation system as well as the Blow Out Preventer. The blow out preventer is an important component of the rig because when effectively utilized it can protect the rig and the crew from damage or loss of life.

A subsea engineer is usually someone who has completed a series of training courses in the subject and will only get this job after a number of years of experience in the function. If this is the role you are interested in, it is best to start out at an entry level position and work towards obtaining an assistant subsea engineer role in which you can build your experience. Annual salary is usually in the range of $60,000 to $80,000.

Types of Outsourcing Companies

In the outsourcing industry there are predominantly two types of companies. One is the captive institution, which is a subsidiary of an international business and the other is a third party vendor. Captive chains are usually set up for quality control purposes and in some cases for data protection. HSBC, a leading global bank has a strong captive outsourcing presence via its subsidiary HSBC Global Resourcing, employing close to 40,000 people all over the world.

A number of companies want to outsource but do not want to invest in their own captive subsidiary overseas. In such cases they work with a third party vendor. Accenture, a world renowned consulting company is an excellent example of a third party outsourcing company. Such enterprises offer a range of services from call center to payroll processing to telesales and so on, depending on the needs of the client.

Work is always a little more competitive in a third party company rather than a captive BPO. However the learning potential is exponentially higher since you get the chance to work with different clients and processes. On the flipside, job security is
better in a captive BPO but there is a tendency to get stagnant in your role since the client is always the same.

Brazil

Originally Brazil was known as a biofuel producer thanks to the sugarcane ethanol, which is used as fuel for most of its transportation service. However as late as 2007, the discovery of the Tupi field about 200 miles off the coast of Rio in the Atlantic Ocean changed all that. The field has now been renamed to Lula and is expected to contain about 6.5 billion barrels of oil. Apart from the Lula field, it is estimated that Brazil has another 36 billion barrels of oil located 2000 feet below sea level off its coast and most of it is light and easy to refine.

However the challenge lies in the layer of salt that exists above the oil. The layer of salt is severely thick and possesses a major set of challenges. Since the salt is immediately above a layer of rock, it has caused the underlying rock to become unstable. As a result, when drilling through it, the rock gets broken into smaller pieces, which interfere with the circulating mud. All this can cause major drilling disasters that can have monumental economic and environmental effects.

Oil exploration off the coast of Brazil is an eventuality however it is expected to be delayed until the constraints and challenges are ironed out.

Types of Offshore Oil Rigs

Before getting into the intricate details surrounding an offshore oil-drilling job, it helps to understand the different types of rigs. Essentially there are four types of rigs – jack-ups, semi-submersibles, drillships and platform rigs. During the course of this chapter, you will gain an insight into each type of vessel and what it will be like working on them.

Parker Drilling

Parker Drilling is another well-known company in the rigging industry known for both onshore and offshore rigs. Based out of Texas, they have a presence in all the major drilling locations with a particular concentration in the US Gulf of Mexico and Papua New Guinea. They have a 17-unit strong fleet consisting of barge rigs primarily. In addition to oil drilling, they also have a subsidiary company, which deals with drilling related rental equipment all over the US.

Parker Drilling offers competitive pay-packages and a host of benefits including medical and dental coverage, life insurance, education reimbursement and travel allowances. The good thing about working with Parker Drilling is that since it has such a strong onshore as well as offshore presence, you can choose to build your expertise in either option as your personal circumstances demand it. It is also easier to get an entry level position on an onshore rig job so working with Parker will allow you to get a foot in the door if you ultimately aspire to progress to offshore rigs.

Geological Surveys Are a Part of The Off Shore Job of Drilling

A Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit

Image via Wikipedia

Offshore jobs can be of many kinds. The one that involves offshore drilling of oil and natural gas is nothing short of a marvel in the line of construction engineering. Till a long time back, the rigging of oil was not a well known art.

The Chinese made rigs made out of bamboos to extract oil and natural gas and used it for cooking and lighting. The place where a large oil reserve is found is called a “Trap” and looking for one is an expensive proposition. There is no way to ascertain in advance where oil can be found and there is no assured method to locate the rig.

The search for traps yields nothing most of the times however, if there is one found, more often than not, the one under the sea or ocean has a higher potential of being a large reserve. The “traps” which seem to be potential reserves are found basis the seismic activity in the region and yet there is no way to ascertain whether there is oil until the place is actually penetrated. This is why the offshore jobs have got geologists working on them to allow the best use of the data available.

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KCA Deutag Drilling

This company is primarily a drilling contractor but has diversified into providing other services as well like rig management services, rig design and engineering services. Working here allows you the opportunity to diversify out of offshore drilling should you want to at some point in the future. They have a number of drilling platforms, jack-up rigs as well as land rigs all over the world. They are based in Scotland with offices in Germany, Russia, the Middle East and Norway. As a company, they have been involved in offshore drilling for over 100 years with a strong presence in a number of African countries like Oman, Libya and Nigeria. They have experience working in harsh and benign climates and rig workers have the opportunity to build their expertise in a variety of vessels, locations and water conditions. They are a well-respected employer of choice with a strong orientation towards customer satisfaction and employee development.

Offshore Outsourcing – Think Smart

SANTA BARBARA, CA - JULY 21:  California brown...
Image by Getty Images via @daylife

Some companies have high production costs that can negatively affect their profitability. This makes these kinds of companies resolve to some smart ideas that involve outsourcing. This decreases production costs while increasing the output and interest of the company.

Offshore outsourcing allows growth of a business. When most of the work is outsourced, the costs of operations are generally reduced. The saved income is that used to expand the business.

Another benefit of outsourcing is the fact that the labor is paid at a very low rate.  These rates are low in the countries where this work is coming from but is high in the countries that are doing the work. This wage difference is as a result of economic differences.

The shipping out of work allows business to operate more adequately for 24 hours. However, it is recommended that companies should only give out approximately 30% of their work. This will allow the staff of the company to do the rest of the work. Besides, work done by personal staff is sometimes of greater quality, increasing the level of the services got from the company.

New jobs are created with the process of outsourcing articles. This is an advantage, as there are several employees who benefit from this program.

Ballast Control man

The ballast control man has to ensure that the rig is stable and safe prior to drilling. He will be periodically expected to evaluate the stability of the rig and share reports with the managing team. He is usually based in the ballast control room where the relays that control the ballast valves are located. Seawater into and out of the rig is controlled via these valves to manage the rig’s trim. Apart from this he is responsible for the drill water and drinking water on board the rig. He is also referred to as a watchstander. A ballast control man makes about $55,000 a year.

Safety First

On drilling platforms and ships, the primary focus is always on safety. As soon as a crew arrives onboard, they will first be given a safety briefing and provided their protective gear. The start of every workday begins with a safety briefing along with the schedule for the day. Smoking is restricted only to designated areas, usually in the accommodation section of the rig. All pieces of equipment are repeatedly tested and labeled with a color code indicating that it was recently checked. Crew workers are expected to refrain from carrying certain articles like alcohol, matches and lighters onboard. Safety measures have to be followed meticulously by all workers and any compromise in this regard will not be tolerated.